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常见挥发性有机物(VOCs)一览表
2019.09.20   点击311次

VOCs是挥发性有机化合物(Volatile Organic Compounds)的英文缩写,其定义有好几种,美国ASTM D3960-98标准将其定义为任何能参加大气光化学反应的有机化合物。美国联邦环保署(EPA)这样定义:挥发性有机化合物是除CO、CO2、H2CO3、金属碳化物、金属碳酸盐和碳酸铵外,任何参加大气光化学反应的碳化合物。

在我国,VOCs(volatile organic compounds)挥发性有机物是指常温下饱和蒸汽压大于70.91 Pa、标准大气压101.3kPa下沸点在50~260℃以下且初馏点等于250摄氏度的有机化合物,或在常温常压下任何能挥发的有机固体或液体。目前,我国VOCs的环境质量标准暂未颁布,VOCs的排放标准暂时没有国家标准,但各重点监测区域相继颁布了地方排放标准或行业标准。国标对于VOCs的监测,使用的是《环境空气 挥发性有机物的测定 罐采样/气相色谱-质谱法》(HJ 759-2015)。该方法可对直链烃、环烷烃、芳香烃、含氧化合物、苯系物、卤代烃等大多数挥发性有机物检测分析,检测组分多达67种,是目前VOC检测组分最齐全的方法。同时,该方法与美国环保署(EPA)TO-14/15标准较为一致,基本上包含了TO-14/15重点监测组分,是我国各级环境监测站开展挥发性有机物监测的重要指导文件。

从环境监测的角度来讲,VOCs是以氢火焰离子检测器检出的非甲烷总烃类检出物的总称,主要包括烷烃类、芳烃类、烯烃类、卤烃类、酯类、醛类、酮类和其他有机化合物。

综上所述,VOC和VOCs其实是同一类物质,即挥发性有机化合物(Volatile Organic Compounds)的英文缩写,由于挥发性有机化合物一般成分不止一种,因此VOCs更精准。

下表为常见VOCs种类:

CAS 号英文名化学品 沸点(℃)  蒸气压(20℃下, Pa) 
71-55-6 1,1,1-trichloroethane1,1,1-三氯乙烷74.00013,055.5600
79-00-5 1,1,2-trichloroethane1,1,2-三氯乙烷113.7002,351.9800
87-61-6 1,2,3-Trichlorobenzene1,2,3-三氯苯218-219 32.6300
107-06-2 1,2-dichloroethane (EDC)1,2-二氯乙烷83.4008,219.9500
122-66-7 1,2-Diphenylhydrazine1,2-二苯肼229.0000.0454
106-99-0 1,3-Butadiene1,3-丁二烯-4.500238,833.7800
123-91-1 1,4-Diethyleneoxide1,4-二恶烷131.7003,905.9400
540-84-1 2,2,4-Trimethylpentane2,2,4-三甲基戊烷99.2385,107.6800
79-46-9 2-Nitropropane2-硝基丙烷119-122 1,732.2200
83-32-9 Acenaphthene231.2001.2000
75-07-0 Acetaldehyde乙醛20.40099,156.7200
60-35-5 Acetamide乙酰胺221.1504.0400
75-05-8 Acetonitrile乙腈81.6009,568.5300
98-86-2 Acetophenone苯乙酮201.70035.9200
107-02-8 Acrolein丙烯醛53.00029,485.5400
79-06-1 Acrylamide丙烯酰胺231.7000.1660
79-10-7 Acrylic acid丙烯酸116.400372.0800
107-13-1 Acrylonitrile丙烯腈77.30011,447.1100
107-05-1 Allyl chloride3-氯丙烯41.60040,226.0100
62-53-3 Aniline苯胺184.30042.7400
71-43-2 Benzene80.1009,945.2300
98-07-7 Benzotrichloride三氯化苄219-223 43.7600
100-44-7 Benzylchloride苄基氯179.400123.1000
92-52-4 Biphenyl联苯255.2001.6900
542-88-1 Bis(chloromethyl)ether双氯甲醚182.4002,951.2400
75-25-2 Bromoform三溴甲烷149.000538.2400
75-15-0 Carbon disulfide二硫化碳46.20039,237.8700
56-23-5 Carbon tetrachloride四氯化碳76.50012,057.8000
79-11-8 Chloroacetic acid一氯乙酸189.00018.5800
108-90-7 Chlorobenzene氯苯131.7001,197.9000
67-66-3 Chloroform三氯甲烷61.10019,416.3400
126-99-8 Chloroprene2-氯-1,3-丁二烯59.10023,499.9800
108-39-4 Cresol and cresylic acid (m-)间-甲酚202.20014.2200
106-44-5 Cresol and cresylic acid (p)对-甲酚201.9008.2500
98-82-8 Cumene异丙基苯152.392436.1200
77-78-1 Dimethyl sulfate硫酸二甲酯188.00061.7700
106-89-8 Epichlorohydrin
 (l-Chloro-2,3epoxypropane)
环氧氯丙烷116.1001,655.4300
140-88-5 Ethyl acrylate丙烯酸乙酯100.0003,909.8300
100-41-4 Ethyl benzene乙苯136.186950.8700
75-00-3 Ethylchloride氯乙烷12.200133,708.0400
106-93-4 Ethylene dibromide1,2-二溴乙烷130.2001,346.0500
107-21-1 Ethylene glycol乙二醇197.2007.5700
75-21-8 Ethylene oxide环氧乙烷10.300145,672.5700
75-34-3 Ethylidene dichloride
 (1,1-Dichloroethane)
亚乙基二氯
(1,1-二氯乙烷)
183.70024,288.1800
50-00-0 Formaldehyde甲醛-19.500440,037.9900
87-68-3 Hexachlorobutadiene六氯丁二烯231.00019.6100
67-72-1 Hexachloroethane六氯乙烷185.60061.9400
110-54-3 Hexane正己烷121.24016,214.8800
78-59-1 lsophorone异佛尔酮215.20040.8800
108-31-6 Maleic anhydride马来酸酐119.30033.6400
67-56-1 Methanol甲醇64.60012,758.0400
78-93-3 Methyl ethyl ketone (2-Butanone)甲乙酮(2-丁酮)202.0009,970.2400
108-10-1 Methyl isobutyl ketone (Hexone)甲基异丁基酮94.2001,966.9500
624-83-9 Methyl isocyanate基异氰酸盐35.00049,747.5000
80-62-6 Methyl methacrylate甲基丙烯酸甲酯100.3003,915.4400
1634-04-4 Methyl tert-butyl ether甲基叔丁基醚55.20026,768.5600
74-83-9 Methylbromide (Bromomethane)溴甲烷3.500183,474.2900
74-87-3 Methylchloride (Chloromethane)氯甲烷-24.300492,691.5100
75-09-2 Methylene chloride
 (Dichloromethane)
二氯甲烷39.80046,735.6900
121-69-7 N,N-dimethylanilineN,N-二甲基苯胺193.50066.2000
68-12-2 N,N-dimethylformamideN,N-二甲基甲酰胺153.000372.0300
98-95-3 Nitrobenzene硝基苯210.60022.1700
95-48-7 o-Cresol and cresylic acid邻甲酚191.00025.8700
95-47-6 o-xylene邻二甲苯144.411647.1400
106-46-7 p-Dichlorobenzene对-二氯苯174.100166.4000
127-18-4 Perchloroethylene四氯乙烯121.1001,870.8400
108-95-2 Phenol苯酚181.80047.4500
75-44-5 Phosgene氯代甲酰氯8.200158,376.4200
106-50-3 p-Phenylenediamine对苯二胺267.4000.3400
57-57-8 Propiolactone (beta-)β-丙内酯162.000158.4300
123-38-6 Propionaldehyde丙醛47.93034,003.0100
78-87-5 Propylene dichloride1,2-二氯丙烷96.30016,723.1900
75-56-9 Propylene oxide环氧丙烷34.30058,030.9000
106-42-3 p-xylenes对二甲苯138.351874.5600
100-42-5 Styrene苯乙烯145.140592.2500
79-34-5 Tetrachloroethanes1,1,2,2-四氯乙烷146.200436.0300
108-88-3 Toluene甲苯110.6252,887.9300
79-01-6 Trichloroethylene三氯乙烯87.2007,688.7400
121-44-8 Triethylamine三乙胺89.5007,125.3100
108-05-4 Vinyl acetate醋酸乙烯酯73.00011,932.8800
75-01-4 Vinyl chloride氯乙烯-13.400339,701.7600
76-13-1 1,1,2-Trichlorotrifluoroethane氟利昂-11347.50035,856.1500
96-18-4 1,2,3-trichloropropane1,2,3-三氯丙烷156.800355.3100
120-82-1 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene1,2,4-三氯苯211.40040.4300
108-70-3 1,3,5-Trichlorobenzene1,3,5-三氯苯211.30049.9200
107-88-0 1,3-butylene glycol1,3-丁二醇207.0001.5300
106-98-9 1-butene正丁烯-6.260255,858.4800
109-67-1 1-pentene1-戊烯29.96870,783.2900
104-76-7 2-ethylhexanol2-乙基己醇184.60010.5400
2807-30-9 2-propoxy-ethano乙二醇单丙醚258.200294.5900
105-57-7 Acetal1,1-二乙氧基乙烷103.6002,732.4100
64-19-7 Acetic acid乙酸117.9001,559.4100
108-24-7 Acetic anhydride乙酸酐139.000330.4200
67-64-1 Acetone丙酮56.20024,390.5600
75-86-5 Acetone cyanohydrin丙酮氰醇167.300104.7700
75-36-5 Acetyl chloride乙酰氯51.00030,793.4800
74-86-2 Acetylene乙炔-84.0004,328,141.9300
107-18-6 Allyl alcohol丙烯醇54.3002,537.1900
98-83-9 α-methylstyreneα-甲基苯乙烯165-169 252.4400
111-41-1 Aminoethylethanolamine羟乙基乙二胺215.9800.1100
628-63-7 amyl acetate乙酸戊酯149.200330.7200
110-58-7 Amyl amine1-氨基戊烷105.5003,018.5500
543-59-9 Amyl chloride1-氯戊烷 107-108 3,356.5800
100-66-3 Anisole苯甲醚153.600344.8800
100-52-7 Benzaldehyde苯甲醛178.700110.2600
65-85-0 Benzoic acid苯甲酸250.0000.3580
100-47-0 Benzonitrile苯甲腈191.00071.4200
100-51-6 Benzyl alcohol苯甲醇204.6996.6600
98-87-3 Benzyl dichloride二氯苄214.00048.2200
100-46-9 Benzylamine苄胺185.00059.3200
108-99-6 b-picoline3-甲基吡啶143.500587.6700
107-92-6 Butyric acid丁酸163.27084.9800
106-31-0 Butyric anhydride丁酸酐198.30024.2700
109-74-0 Butyronitrile丁腈118.0001,959.2000
105-60-2 Caprolactam己内酰胺180.0000.5000
558-13-4 Carbon tetrabromide四溴化碳181.20085.6500
75-45-6 Chlorodifluoroethane一氯二氟甲烷-40.800893,928.8100
75-72-9 Chlorotrifluoromethane氯三氟甲烷26.8003,178,608.4900
80-15-9 Cumene hydroperoxide过氧化羟基异丙苯253.7000.3490
506-77-4 Cyanogen chloride氯化氰13.800134,561.5500
110-82-7 Cyclohexane环己烷80.73810,367.1900
108-93-0 Cyclohexanol环己醇159.60065.4600
108-94-1 Cyclohexanone环己酮155.600345.0400
110-83-8 Cyclohexene环己烯82.9799,295.6000
108-91-8 Cyclohexylamine环己胺134.500990.8000
111-78-4 Cyclooctadiene1,5-环辛二烯125.000479.2300
112-30-1 Decanol1-癸醇230.0000.6220
123-42-2 Diacetone alcohol甲基戊酮醇168.100162.3300
75-71-8 Dichlorodifluoromethane氟里昂-12-29.800560,905.0700
101-83-7 Dicyclohexylamine二环己胺256.1002.8200
111-46-6 Diethylene glycol二甘醇246.0000.4390
112-36-7 Diethylene glycol diethyl ether二乙二醇二乙醚190.20047.3000
111-96-6 Diethylene glycol dimethyl ether二乙二醇二甲醚159.800281.9500
112-15-2 Diethylene glycol monoethyl ether乙二醇一甲醚221.80013.1400
112-15-2 Diethylene glycol monoethyl ether乙二醇一甲醚162.70013.1400
111-77-3 Diethylene glycol monomethyl二乙二醇单甲醚226.92714.8400
75-37-6 Difluoroethane1,1-二氟乙烷-25.000563,101.6200
674-82-8 Diketene二乙烯酮106.6001,055.4600
75-18-3 Dimethyl sulfide二甲基硫38.00053,488.0900
67-68-5 Dimethyl sulfoxide二甲基亚砜189.00056.5400
101-84-8 Diphenyl oxide二苯醚258.0003.7500
25265-71-8 Dipropylene glycol一缩二丙二醇230.5002.7200
64-17-5 Ethanol乙醇78.3005,830.2900
60-29-7 Ether乙醚34.4800.5800
141-78-6 Ethyl acetate乙酸乙酯73.9009,632.1700
141-97-9 Ethyl acetoacetate乙酰乙酸乙酯236.30071.8700
74-96-4 Ethyl bromide溴乙烷38.30051,046.7000
75-04-7 Ethylamine乙胺16.500114,501.2200
105-56-6 Ethylcyanoacetate氰乙酸乙酯206.0005.0500
74-85-1 Ethylene乙烯-103.7106,261,415.6000
107-07-3 Ethylene chlorohydrin2-氯乙醇128.600692.9300
111-55-7 Ethylene glycol diacetate乙二醇二乙酸酯168.0005.6800
110-71-4 Ethylene glycol dimethyl ether乙二醇二甲醚63.0007,916.4300
111-15-9 Ethylene glycol monethyl ether乙二醇乙醚醋酸酯156.400217.7100
111-76-2 Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether乙二醇单丁醚151.57977.6000
110-80-5 Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether乙二醇单乙醚221.000499.6800
109-86-4 Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether乙二醇甲醚124.600853.2400
107-15-3 Ethylenediamine乙二胺117.2001,162.7500
75-12-7 Formamide甲酰胺210.5004.9500
64-18-6 Formic acid甲酸100.6004,402.6600
98-01-1 Furfural糠醛161.800208.5800
56-81-5 Glycerol甘油98.3000.0117
629-11-8 Hexamethylene glycol1,6-己二醇239.7000.0701
124-09-4 Hexamethylenediamine1,6-己二胺226.40010.0000
74-90-8 Hydrogen cyanide氰化氢25.70081,251.1800
123-92-2 Isoamyl acetate乙酸异戊酯142.000510.2300
78-83-1 Isobutanol异丁醇107.800947.8100
110-19-0 Isobutyl acetate乙酸异丁酯116.8001,766.5200
115-11-7 Isobutylene异丁烯-6.900262,095.5800
78-84-2 Isobutyraldehyde异丁醛67.10018,299.2000
79-31-2 Isobutyric acid异丁酸154.700167.3400
25339-17-7 Isodecanol异癸醇213.4001.6200
78-78-4 Isopentane2-甲基丁烷30.00076,218.3300
78-79-5 Isoprene异戊二烯34.00060,574.7300
67-63-0 Isopropanol异丙醇82.2004,409.2200
108-21-4 Isopropyl acetate乙酸异丙酯88.2006,199.0800
75-29-6 Isopropyl chloride2-氯丙烷35-36 58,495.5700
75-31-0 Isopropylamine异丙胺48.60062,683.3900
463-51-4 Ketene乙烯酮-56.0001,214,927.6200
108-42-9 m-chloroaniline3-氯苯胺227.8005.5800
108-41-8 m-chlorotoluene3-氯甲苯161.600307.5000
541-73-1 m-dichlorobenzene1,3-二氯苯173.000206.0400
141-79-7 Mesityl oxide4-甲基-3-戊烯-2-酮132.7001,085.4800
79-41-4 Methacrylic acid甲基丙烯酸162-163 87.8100
563-47-3 Methallyl chloride3-氯-2-甲基丙烯72.50011,237.6400
79-20-9 Methyl acetate醋酸甲酯56.90022,648.4600
105-45-3 Methyl acetoacetate乙酰乙酸甲酯169.40080.7300
107-31-3 Methyl formate甲酸甲酯31.70063,434.3500
108-11-2 Methyl isobutyl carbinol4-甲基-2-戊醇133.500489.0700
74-89-5 Methylamine甲胺-6.400294,402.2800
108-87-2 Methylcyclohexane甲基环己烷100.9344,753.2300
13952-84-6 Methylpropylamine仲丁胺62.90018,839.9000
110-91-8 Morpholine吗啡啉128.900986.8700
115-10-6 N,N-dimethyl ether甲醚-24.900507,144.6000
71-41-0 n-Amyl alcohol1-戊醇137.800218.5100
123-86-4 n-butyl acetate乙酸丁酯126.6001,022.2100
141-32-2 n-butyl acrylate丙烯酸丁酯221.938530.8300
71-36-3 n-butyl alcohol正丁醇117.700648.9600
109-73-9 n-butylamine正丁胺77.4009,456.6300
123-72-8 n-butyraldehyde丁醛77.60011,626.2600
75-98-9 Neopentanoic acid特戊酸166.20952.7400
79-24-3 Nitroethane硝基乙烷109.2002,081.6500
75-52-5 Nitromethane硝基甲烷 100-102 3,640.1300
100-61-8 n-methylanilineN-甲基苯胺200.40041.0600
109-66-0 n-pentane正戊烷30.07456,259.4600
71-23-8 n-propyl alcohol正丙醇97.2001,973.2100
95-51-2 o-chloroaniline邻氯苯胺208.80017.6700
88-73-3 o-chloronitrobenzene邻氯硝基苯245.5001.8100
95-49-8 o-chlorotoluene邻氯甲苯159.500339.3600
95-50-1 o-dichlorobenzene1,2-二氯苯180.400127.3200
123-63-7 Paraldehyde三聚乙醛233.9001,072.5200
106-47-8 p-chloroaniline对氯苯胺208.8006.3500
100-00-5 p-chloronitrobenzene对硝基氯苯242.0002.3300
106-43-4 p-chlorotoluene对氯甲苯162.200264.3800
110-85-0 Piperazine哌嗪149.324330.1300
156-43-4 p-phenetidine对氨基苯乙醚254.0000.8490
79-09-4 Propionic acid丙酸140.830347.9800
540-54-5 Propyl chloride1-氯丙烷46.60037,183.8200
107-10-8 Propylamine丙胺48.60032,792.5700
115-07-1 Propylene丙烯-47.7001,015,268.1900
57-55-6 Propylene glycol1,2-丙二醇187.30010.5900
110-86-1 Pyridine吡啶115-116 2,080.7100
69-72-7 Salicylic acid水杨酸211.0000.1010
78-92-2 s-butyl alcohol仲丁醇99.5001,719.7800
110-15-6 Succinic acid丁二酸236.1000.0005
75-65-0 t-butyl alcohol叔丁醇82.4003,977.9100
75-64-9 t-butylamine叔丁胺44.40040,154.7600
119-64-2 Tetrahydronaphthalene1,2,3,4-四氢萘210.30033.2500
584-84-9 Toluene-2,4-diisocyanate甲苯-2,4-二异氰酸酯115-120 1.0800
75-69-4 Trichlorofluoromethane三氯氟甲烷26.80088,844.6400
112-49-2 Triethylene glycol dimethyl ether三乙二醇二乙醚197.2003.2800
75-50-3 Trimethylamine三甲胺2.900182,229.2100
75-35-4 Vinylidene chloride过氯乙烯31.60065,938.5800
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