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全球化学品统一分类和标签制度(GHS)防范说明编码
2018.05.13   点击221次

联合国GHS制度,是指《全球化学品统一分类和标签制度》(Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals,其封面为紫色因此又称“紫皮书”),是联合国GHS专家委员会、联合国际劳工组织(ILO)和经合组织(OECD),基于保护人类健康和环境、减少对化学品的重复测试和评估、完善现有化学品分类和标签体系、促进化学品国际贸易的目的所起草的一项重要制度,并陆续被世界各国采纳,是目前全球进出口危险化学品贸易中所需关注的重要法规之一。

防范说明是用一条术语(和/或防范象形图)来说明为尽量减少或防止接触危险化学品或者不当储运危险化学品产生的不良效应所建议采取的安全防范措施。GHS标签要素中使用4类防范说明术语,分别为:预防,发生事故泄漏或接触时的反应,储存和处置。在《全球统一制度》中,共有5类防护说明:一般、预防、应对(在意外溢漏或接触情况下,为紧急反应和急救)、存放和处置。关于如何使用《全球统一制度》防护说明的指导,包括为《全球统一制度》每一危险种类和类别选择适当说明的建议。

代码防护说明
一般防护说明
P101If medical advice is needed,   have product con or label at hand.
如需求医,请随身携带产品容器或标签。
P102Keep out of reach of   children.
切勿让儿童接触。
P103Read carefully and follow all   instructions.(omit where P202 is used.)
使用前务请看明标签。(在P202存在时,省略P103)
预防措施说明
P201Obtain special instructions   before use.(omit for consumer products where P202 is used.)
使用前取得专用说明。(对于消费品,当P202存在时,省略P201。)
P202Do not handle until all safety   precautions have
在阅读并明了所有安全措施前切勿搬动。
P210Keep away from heat, hot   surfaces, sparks, open flames and other ignition sources. No smoking.
远离热源、热表面、火花、明火和其他点火
P211Do not spray on an open flame or   other ignition source.
切勿喷洒在明火或其他点火源上。
P212Avoid heating under confinement   or reduction of the desensitized agent
避免封闭条件下受热或退敏剂减少
P220Keep away from clothing and   other combustible materials.
远离服装和其他可燃材料。
P222Do not allow contact with   air.
不得与空气接触。
P223Do not allow contact with   water.
不得与水接触。
P230Keep wetted with ...
用…保持湿润。
P231Handle and store contents under   inert gas/...
在惰性气体/…中操作和存放
P232Protect from moisture.
防潮。
P233Keep container tightly   closed.
保持容器密闭。
P234Keep only in original   packaging.
只能在原容器中存放。
P235Keep cool.
保持低温。
P240Ground and bond container and   receiving equipment.
货箱和装载设备接地并等势联接。
P241Use   explosion-proof[electrical/ventilating/lighting/...] equipment.
使用防爆的[电气/通风/照明/……]设备。
P242Use non-sparking tools.
使用不产生火花的工具。
P243Take action to prevent static   discharges.
采取防止静电放电的措施。
P244Keep valves and fittings free   from oil and grease.
阀门及紧固装置不得带有油脂或油剂。
P250Do not subject to   grinding/shock/friction/….
不得研磨/冲击/摩擦……
P251Do not pierce or burn, even   after use.
切勿穿刺或焚烧,即使不再使用。
P260Do not breathe   dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
不要吸入粉尘/烟/气体/气雾/蒸气/喷雾。
P261Avoid breathing   dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
避免吸入粉尘/烟/气体/气雾/蒸气/喷雾。
P262Do not get in eyes, on skin, or   on clothing.
严防进入眼中、接触皮肤或衣服。
P263Avoid contact during pregnancy   and while nursing.
怀孕和哺乳期间避免接触。
P264Wash ... thoroughly after   handling.
作业后彻底清洗……
P270Do not eat, drink or smoke when   using this product.
使用本产品时不要进食、饮水或吸烟。
P271Use only outdoors or in a   well-ventilated area.
只能在室外或通风良好处使用。
P272Contaminated work clothing   should not be allowed out of the workplace.
受沾染的工作服不得带出工作场地。
P273Avoid release to the   environment.
避免释放到环境中。
P280Wear protective   gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection/hearing   protection/...
戴防护手套/穿防护服/戴防护眼罩/戴防护面具。
P282Wear cold insulating gloves and   either face shield or eye protection.
戴防寒手套和防护面具或防护眼罩。
P283Wear fire resistant or flame   retardant clothing.
穿防火或阻燃服装。
P284[In case of inadequate   ventilation] wear respiratory protection.
[在通风不足的情况下]戴呼吸防护装置
P231 +   P232Handle and store contents under   inert gas/.... Protect from moisture.
在惰性气体中搬运和贮存内装物/……
防潮
应急措施说明
P301IF SWALLOWED:
如误吞咽:
P302IF ON SKIN:
如皮肤沾染:
P303IF ON SKIN (or hair):
如皮肤(或头发)沾染:
P304IF INHALED:
如误吸入:
P305IF IN EYES:
如进入眼睛:
P306IF ON CLOTHING:
如沾染衣服:
P308IF exposed or concerned:
如接触到或有疑虑:
P310Immediately call a POISON   CENTER/doctor/…
立即呼叫中毒急救中心/医生/……
P311Call a POISON   CENTER/doctor/…
呼叫中毒急救中心/医生/……
P312Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…if   you feel unwell.
如感觉不适,呼叫中毒急救中心/医生/……
P313Get medical   advice/attention.
求医/就诊。
P314Get medical advice/attention if   you feel unwell.
如感觉不适,须求医/就诊。
P315Get immediate medical   advice/attention.
立即求医/就诊。
P320Specific treatment is urgent   (see ... on this label).
必须立即接受具体治疗(见本标签上的……)。
P321Specific treatment (see ... on   this label).
具体治疗(见本标签上的……)。
P330Rinse mouth.
漱口。
P331Do NOT induce vomiting.
不得诱导呕吐。
P332If skin irritation occurs:(may   be omitted if P333 is given on the label.)
如发生皮肤刺激:(如果P333存在标签上时P332可以被省略。)
P333If skin irritation or rash   occurs:
如发生皮肤刺激或皮疹:
P334Immerse in cool water [or wrap   in wet bandages].
浸入冷水中[或用湿绷带包扎]
P335Brush off loose particles from   skin.
掸掉皮肤上的细小颗粒。
P336Thaw frosted parts with lukewarm   water. Do not rub affected area.
用微温水化解冻伤部位。不要搓擦患处。
P337If eye irritation   persists:
如长时间眼刺激:
P338Remove contact lenses, if   present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
如戴隐形眼镜并可方便地取出,取出隐形眼镜。继续冲洗。
P340Remove person to fresh air and   keep comfortable for breathing.
将人转移到空气新鲜处,保持呼吸舒适体位。
P342If experiencing respiratory   symptoms:
如有呼吸系统病症:
P351Rinse cautiously with water for   several minutes.
用水小心冲洗几分钟。
P352Wash with plenty of   water/...
用水充分清洗/……
P353Rinse skin with water [or   shower].
用水清洗皮肤[或淋浴]
P360Rinse immediately contaminated   clothing and skin with plenty of water before removing clothes.
立即用水充分冲洗沾染的衣服和皮肤,然后脱掉衣服。
P361Take off immediately all   contaminated clothing.
立即脱掉所有沾染的衣服。
P362Take off contaminated   clothing.
脱掉沾染的衣服。
P363Wash contaminated clothing   before reuse.
沾染的衣服清洗后方可重新使用。
P364And wash it before reuse.
清洗后方可重新使用。
P370In case of fire:
火灾时:
P371In case of major fire and large   quantities:
在发生大火和大量泄漏的情况下:
P372Explosion risk.
爆炸危险
P373DO NOT fight fire when fire   reaches explosives.
火烧到爆炸物时切勿救火。
P375Fight fire remotely due to the   risk of explosion.
因有爆炸危险,须远距离救火。
P376Stop leak if safe to do   so.
如能保证安全,可设法堵塞泄漏。
P377Leaking gas fire: Do not   extinguish, unless leak can be stopped safely.
漏气着火:切勿灭火,除非能够安全地堵塞泄漏。
P378Use ... to extinguish.
使用……灭火。
P380Evacuate area.
撤离现场。
P381In case of leakage, eliminate   all ignition sources.
万一泄漏,除去一切点火源
P390Absorb spillage to prevent   material damage.
吸收溢出物,防止材料损坏。
P391Collect spillage.
收集溢出物。
P301 +   P310IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a   POISON CENTER/doctor/…
如误吞咽:立即呼叫中毒急救中心/医生/……
P301 +   P312IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON   CENTER/doctor/…if you feel unwell.
如误吞咽:如感觉不适,呼叫中毒急救中心/医生/……
P302 +   P334IF ON SKIN: Immerse in cool   water or wrap in wet bandages.
如皮肤沾染:浸入冷水中[或用湿绷带包扎]
P302 +   P352IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of   water/...
如皮肤沾染:用水充分清洗。
P304 +   P312IF INHALED:  Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…if you feel   unwell.
如误吸入:如感觉不适,呼叫中毒急救中心/医生……
P304 +   P340IF INHALED:  Remove person to fresh air and keep   comfortable for breathing.
如误吸入:将人转移到空气新鲜处,保持呼吸舒适体位。
P306 +   P360IF ON CLOTHING: Rinse   immediately contaminated clothing and skin with plenty of water before   removing clothes.
如沾染衣服:立即用水充分冲洗沾染的衣服和皮肤,然后脱掉衣服。
P308 +   P311IF exposed or concerned: Call a   POISON CENTER/doctor/...
如接触到:呼叫中毒急救中心/医生……
P308 +   P313IF exposed or concerned: Get   medical advice/attention.
如接触到或有疑虑:求医/就诊。
P332 +   P313If skin irritation occurs: Get   medical advice/attention.
如发生皮肤刺激:求医/就诊。
P333 +   P313If skin irritation or rash   occurs:  Get medical   advice/attention.
如发生皮肤刺激或皮疹:求医/就诊。
P336 +   P315Thaw frosted parts with lukewarm   water. Do not rub affected area. Get immediate medical advice/attention
用微温水化解冻伤部位。避免揉搓患处。立即求医/治疗
P337 +   P313If eye irritation persists:  Get medical advice/attention.
如眼刺激持续不退:求医/就诊。
P342 +   P311If experiencing respiratory   symptoms:  Call a POISON   CENTER/doctor/...
如出现呼吸系统病症:呼叫中毒急救中心/医生/……
P361 +   P364Take off immediately all   contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse.
立即脱掉所有沾染的衣服,清洗后方可重新使用
P362 +   P364Take off contaminated clothing   and wash it before reuse.
脱掉沾染的衣服,清洗后方可重新使用
P370 +   P376In case of fire: Stop leak if   safe to do so.
火灾时:如能保证安全,设法堵塞泄漏。
P370 +   P378In case of fire: Use ... to   extinguish.
火灾时:使用……灭火。
P301 +   P330 + P331IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth.  Do NOT induce vomiting.
如误吞咽:漱口。不得诱导呕吐
P302 +   P335 + P334IF ON SKIN: Brush off loose   particles from skin. Immerse in cool water [or wrap in wet bandages].
如皮肤沾染:掸掉皮肤上的细小颗粒。浸入冷水中[或用湿绷带包扎]
P303 +   P361 + P353IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off   immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water [or   shower].
如皮肤(或头发)沾染:立即脱掉所有沾染的衣服。用水清洗皮肤[或淋浴]
P305 +   P351 + P338IF IN EYES:  Rinse cautiously with water for several   minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do.  Continue rinsing.
如进入眼睛:用水小心冲洗几分钟。如戴隐形眼镜并可方便地取出,取出隐形眼镜。继续冲洗。
P370 +   P380 + P375In case of fire: Evacuate area.   Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion.
火灾时:撤离现场。因有爆炸危险,须远距离灭火。
P371 +   P380 + P375In case of major fire and large   quantities: Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of   explosion.
如发生大火和大量泄漏:撤离现场。因有爆炸危险,须远距离灭火。
P370 +   P372 + P380 + P373In case of fire: Explosion risk.   Evacuate area. DO NOT fight fire when fire reaches explosives.
火灾时:有爆炸危险。撤离现场。如火势蔓延到爆炸物,不要试图救火
P370 +   P380 + P375 [+ P378]In case of fire: Evacuate area.   Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion. [Use…to extinguish].
火灾时:撤离现场。因有爆炸危险,须远距离灭火。[使用…灭火]
存放防护说明
P401Store in accordance with…
存放须遵照……
P402Store in a dry place.
存放于干燥处。
P403Store in a well-ventilated   place.
存放于通风良好处。
P404Store in a closed   container.
存放于密闭的容器中。
P405Store locked up.
存放处须加锁。
P406Store in a corrosion   resistant/...container with a resistant inner liner.
存放于耐腐蚀/……带耐腐蚀衬里的容器中。
P407Maintain air gap between stacks   or pallets.
堆垛或托盘之间应留有空隙。
P410Protect from sunlight.
防日晒。
P411Store at temperatures not   exceeding …°C/…°F.
贮存温度不超过……℃/……℉。
P412Do not expose to temperatures   exceeding 50 °C/122 °F.
不可暴露在超过50℃/122℉的温度下。
P413Store bulk masses greater than …   kg/…lbs at temperatures not exceeding …°C/…°F.
存放散货质量大于……千克/……磅,温度不得超过……℃/……℉。
P420Store separately.
单独存放。
P402 +   P404Store in a dry place. Store in a   closed container.
存放于干燥处。存放于密闭的容器中。
P403 +   P233Store in a well-ventilated   place.  Keep container tightly   closed.
存放于通风良好处。保持容器密闭。
P403 +   P235Store in a well-ventilated   place.  Keep cool.
存放于通风良好处。保持低温。
P410 +   P403Protect from sunlight. Store in   a well-ventilated place.
防日晒。存放于通风良好处。
P410 +   P412Protect from sunlight. Do not   expose to temperatures exceeding 50 °C/122 °F.
防日晒。不可暴露在超过50℃/122℉的温度下。
处置防护说明
P501Dispose of contents/container to   ...
处置内装物/容器……
P502Refer to manufacturer or   supplier for information on recovery or recycling.
有关回收和循环使用情况,请咨询制造商或供应商
P503Refer to manufacturer/supplier…   for information on disposal/recovery/recycling.
处置/恢复/循环的信息参照制造商/供应商

上表依据"全球化学品统一分类和标签制度(全球统一制度)第七修订版"整理而成。

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