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全球化学品统一分类和标签制度(GHS)危险说明编码
2018.05.13   点击245次

危险说明是全球化学品统一分类和标签制度(全球统一制度)【GLOBALLY HARMONIZED SYSTEM OF CLASSIFICATION AND LABELLING OF CHEMICALS (GHS)】的一部分。 他们的目的是形成一套可以翻译成不同语言的有关化学物质或混合物危害的标准化短语。每个危险说明被设计成一个代码,以字母H开头,接着是3个数字。对应相关危害的说明通过代码共同组成,所以代码并不连续。代码用作参考,例如帮助翻译,但是应该出现在标签和安全数据表上。

危险说明分为三部分,即:物理危险、健康危险和环境危险。

代码危险说明
物理危险
H200Unstable explosive
不稳定爆炸物
H201Explosive; mass explosion hazard
爆炸物;整体爆炸危险
H202Explosive; severe projection hazard
爆炸物;严重迸射危险
H203Explosive; fire, blast or projection hazard
爆炸物;起火、爆炸或迸射危险
H204Fire or projection hazard
起火或迸射危险
H205May mass explode in fire
遇火可能整体爆炸
H206Fire, blast or projection hazard; increased risk of explosion if desensitizing agent is reduced
起火、爆炸或迸射危险;退敏剂减少时爆炸风险增加
H207Fire or projection hazard; increased risk of explosion if desensitizing agent is reduced
起火或迸射危险;退敏剂减少时爆炸风险增加
H208Fire hazard; increased risk of explosion if desensitizing agent is reduced
起火危险;退敏剂减少时爆炸风险增加
H220Extremely flammable gas
极其易燃气体
H221Flammable gas
易燃气体
H222Extremely flammable aerosol
极其易燃气雾剂
H223Flammable aerosol
易燃气雾剂
H224Extremely flammable liquid and vapour
极其易燃液体和蒸气
H225Highly flammable liquid and vapour
高度易燃液体和蒸气
H226Flammable liquid and vapour
易燃液体和蒸气
H227Combustible liquid
可燃液体
H228Flammable solid
易燃固体
H229Pressurized container: may burst if heated
压力容器:遇热可爆
H230May react explosively even in the absence of air
即使在没有空气的条件下也可能发生爆炸反应
H231May react explosively even in the absence of air at elevated pressure and/or temperature
在高压和/或高温下即使没有空气也可能发生爆炸反应
H232May ignite spontaneously if exposed to air
暴露在空气中可自燃
H240Heating may cause an explosion
加热可能爆炸
H241Heating may cause a fire or explosion
加热可能起火或爆炸
H242Heating may cause a fire
加热可能起火
H250Catches fire spontaneously if exposed to air
暴露在空气中会自燃
H251Self-heating; may catch fire
自热;可能燃烧
H252Self-heating in large quantities; may catch fire
数量大时自热;可能燃烧
H260In contact with water releases flammable gases which may ignite spontaneously
遇水放出可自燃的易燃气体
H261In contact with water releases flammable gas
遇水放出易燃气体
H270May cause or intensify fire; oxidizer
可能导致或加剧燃烧;氧化剂
H271May cause fire or explosion; strong oxidizer
可能引起燃烧或爆炸;强氧化剂
H272May intensify fire; oxidizer
可能加剧燃烧;氧化剂
H280Contains gas under pressure; may explode if heated
内装高压气体;遇热可能爆炸
H281Contains refrigerated gas; may cause cryogenic burns or injury
内装冷冻气体;可能造成低温灼伤或损伤
H290May be corrosive to metals
可能腐蚀金属
健康危险
H300Fatal if swallowed
吞咽致命
H301Toxic if swallowed
吞咽会中毒
H302Harmful if swallowed
吞咽有害
H303May be harmful if swallowed
吞咽可能有害
H304May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways
吞咽并进入呼吸道可能致命
H305May be harmful if swallowed and enters airways
吞咽并进入呼吸道可能有害
H310Fatal in contact with skin
皮肤接触致命
H311Toxic in contact with skin
皮肤接触会中毒
H312Harmful in contact with skin
皮肤接触有害
H313May be harmful in contact with skin
皮肤接触可能有害
H314Causes severe skin burns and eye damage
造成严重皮肤灼伤和眼损伤
H315Causes skin irritation
造成皮肤刺激
H316Causes mild skin irritation
造成轻微皮肤刺激
H317May cause an allergic skin reaction
可能导致皮肤过敏反应
H318Causes serious eye damage
造成严重眼损伤
H319Causes serious eye irritation
造成严重眼刺激
H320Causes eye irritation
造成眼刺激
H330Fatal if inhaled
吸入致命
H331Toxic if inhaled
吸入会中毒
H332Harmful if inhaled
吸入有害
H333May be harmful if inhaled
吸入可能有害
H334May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled
吸入可能导致过敏或哮喘病症状或呼吸困难
H335May cause respiratory irritation
可引起呼吸道刺激
H336May cause drowsiness or dizziness
可引起昏睡或眩晕
H340May cause genetic defects (state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard)
可能导致遗传性缺陷(说明接触途径――如已确证无其他接触途径造成这一危险)
H341Suspected of causing genetic defects (state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard)
怀疑会导致遗传性缺陷(说明接触途径――如已确证无其他接触途径造成这一危险)
H350May cause cancer (state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard)
可能致癌(说明接触途径――如已确证无其他接触途径造成这一危险)
H351Suspected of causing cancer (state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard)
怀疑会致癌(说明接触途径――如已确证无其他接触途径造成这一危险)
H360May damage fertility or the unborn child (state specific effect if known)(state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard)
可能对生育能力或胎儿造成伤害(说明已知的具体影响)(说明接触途径――如已确证无其他接触途径造成这一危险)
H361Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child (state specific effect if known)(state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard)
怀疑对生育能力或胎儿造成伤害(说明已知的具体影响)(说明接触途径――如已确证无其他接触途径造成这一危险)
H362May cause harm to breast-fed children
可能对母乳喂养的儿童造成伤害
H370Causes damage to organs (or state all organs affected, if known) (state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard)
对器官造成损害(或说明已知的所有受影响器官)(说明接触途径――如已确证无其他接触途径造成这一危险)
H371May cause damage to organs (or state all organs affected, if known)(state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard)
可能对器官造成损害(或说明已知的所有受影响器官)(说明接触途径――如已确证无其他接触途径造成这一危险)
H372Causes damage to organs ( state all organs affected, if known) through prolonged or repeated exposure (state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard)
长期或重复接触会对器官造成伤害(说明已知的所有受影响器官)(说明接触途径――如已确证无其他接触途径造成这一危险)
H373May cause damage to organs ( state all organs affected, if known) through prolonged or repeated exposure (state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard)
长期或重复接触可能对器官造成伤害(说明已知的所有受影响器官)(说明接触途径――如已确证无其他接触途径造成这一危险)
H300 + H310Fatal if swallowed or in contact with skin
吞咽或皮肤接触致命
H300 + H330Fatal if swallowed or if inhaled
吞咽或吸入致命
H310 + H330Fatal in contact with skin or if inhaled
皮肤接触或吸入致命
H300 + H310 + H330Fatal if swallowed, in contact with skin or if inhaled
吞咽、皮肤接触或吸入致命
H301 + H311Toxic if swallowed or in contact with skin
吞咽或皮肤接触可致中毒
H301 + H331Toxic if swallowed or if inhaled
吞咽或吸入可致中毒
H311 + H331Toxic in contact with skin or if inhaled
皮肤接触或吸入可致中毒
H301 + H311 + H331Toxic if swallowed, in contact with skin or if inhaled
吞咽、皮肤接触或吸入可致中毒
H302 + H312Harmful if swallowed or in contact with skin
吞咽或皮肤接触有害
H302 + H332Harmful if swallowed or if inhaled
吞咽或吸入有害
H312 + H332Harmful in contact with skin or if inhaled
皮肤接触或吸入有害
H302 + H312 + H332Harmful if swallowed, in contact with skin or if inhaled
吞咽、皮肤接触或吸入有害
H303 + H313May be harmful if swallowed or in contact with skin
吞咽或皮肤接触可能有害
H303 + H333May be harmful if swallowed or if inhaled
吞咽或吸入可能有害
H313 + H333May be harmful in contact with skin or if inhaled
皮肤接触或吸入可能有害
H303 + H313 + H333May be harmful if swallowed, in contact with skin or if inhaled
吞咽、皮肤接触或吸入可能有害
H315 + H320Causes skin and eye irritation
造成皮肤和眼刺激
环境危险
H400Very toxic to aquatic life
对水生生物毒性极大
H401Toxic to aquatic life
对水生生物有毒
H402Harmful to aquatic life
对水生生物有害
H410Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects
对水生生物毒性极大并具有长期持续影响
H411Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects
对水生生物有毒并具有长期持续影响
H412Harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects
对水生生物有害并具有长期持续影响
H413May cause long lasting harmful effects to aquatic life
可能对水生生物造成长期持续有害影响
H420Harms public health and the environment by destroying ozone in the upper atmosphere
破坏高层大气中的臭氧,危害公共健康和环境

上表依据"全球化学品统一分类和标签制度(全球统一制度)第七修订版"整理而成。

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